You can follow all the suggested home treatments, use bunion pads, wear splints, and orthotic inserts, but bunions don’t go away. In fact, they can keep getting worse. While they start out, primarily due to genetics, they can become more of a problem due to poor foot posture, tight shoes, arthritis, or injury. The reason that it’s important to treat bunions is because it can cause pain, but it can also cause additional issues on the other toes, such as bursitis, hammertoes, or metatarsalgia.
While non-surgical treatments can slow the progression of bunions from becoming a worse deformity, surgery is the only way to actually correct the bunion. The bony bump that develops on the big toe joint, due to the big toe pushing toward the smaller toes, is a permanent growth that can only be removed or reduced surgically.
About Bunion Surgery
When one of our podiatrists determines that other treatments can no longer treat your bunion, you will probably be directed to surgery for a severe bunion problem. Here is some information about bunion surgery so that you can be an informed patient:
- Bunion surgery to remove a bunion is also called a bunionectomy.
- The surgery is usually performed as an outpatient procedure with local anesthesia. This means that you can leave the same day and even begin to walk with a boot a few days later.
- There are three types of surgery: osteotomy (cut big toe joint, and realign), exostectomy (remove the bunion growth), arthrodesis (replace damaged joints with screws or metal plates).
- After bunion surgery, you will probably wear a boot or a cast to protect your foot. You may need crutches or a cane to help take weight off the affected foot. You may have some pain and swelling as the bunion heals, and full recovery may take anywhere from 6 weeks to 4 months for full function and range of motion.
If you have felt severe pain and had a growing deformity for at least a year, you may need to resort to surgery. To consult about your bunion, make an appointment with us at The Podiatry Group. Our podiatrists, Dr. Mark E. Reiner, Dr. Michael A. Haughey, Dr. William G. Coates, and Dr. Erik D. Rosenlof can perform a thorough assessment at our Jonesboro, AR office to treat your bunion issue and keep your feet healthy.